Kentucky Resources Council, Inc.
Post Office Box 1070
Frankfort, Kentucky 40602
(502) 875-2428 phone (502) 875-2845 fax
February 18, 2002
2002 REGULAR SESSION: 894 bills, 244 resolutions, and 32 legislative days to go.
Below is the most recent update, complete as of Monday, February 18, 2002. This legislative update supercedes the prior updates. Information about how to contact your legislator follows at the end of this update.
The Council does not have recommendations on each bill. Some bills are tracked for general interest; others simply to assure that they do not become vehicles for industry-sponsored amendments. Recommendations are indicated with a plus (+) or minus (-).
SB 1 (Williams)(S. State Govt) (-)
Contains numerous changes to law relating to Executive Branch powers and regulation review. Requires legislative review prior to any Executive Order relating to all but listed minor matters to be reviewed by a legislative committee prior to becoming effective. Sunsets all administrative bodies created by Executive Order or by an executive branch official unless enacted into law.
Concerning administrative regulations, in response to the Franklin Circuit Court decision voiding the current legislative regulation review process in part, the bill proposes that if the reviewing legislative committee finds a regulation deficient, that regulation will take effect but is included in a joint resolution that will voted on by the General Assembly in the following session (and which can be amended to include or delete other regulations). If the finding of deficiency is ratified by the legislature adopting the resolution, the regulation sunsets and a similar regulation cannot be adopted for one year thereafter. SB 1 also modifies the composition of several standing and permanent committees of the legislature.
SB 12 (Boswell) (S. A&R) (-)
For facilities and persons engaged in "qualified" research in biotechnology, this bill creates income tax credit for costs of biotechnology facilities of up to 5% of the cost of biotechnology facilities, 30% of the cost of employee training, 20% of the cost of qualified research, allowing an offset of the first 50,000 of income tax liability and 50% of the remaining liability, with a 9-year carry forward.
SB 13 (Jackson) (Recommitted to S.AgNR)
The companion bill to HB 319, this bill requires state agencies to purchase Kentucky-grown fresh produce, fresh seafood, eggs, fish and meat products if available.
While a positive step, the bill should be amended to include local agencies and contractors using state funds as well as state agencies, and to define when perishables are "available" in order to assure that agencies make a reasonable effort to secure such products. Also, language directing the Department of Agriculture to maintain a web-based registry of available Kentucky perishable producers and products would help inform concerning "availability."
SB 19 (D. Adams) (S. State & Local Government) (-)
Extends from three to seven days the time for a public agency to respond to a request to inspect and copy public records.
SB 21 (D. Adams) (S. AgNR) (-)
Creates a ten-year tax credit of up to 10% of start-up & capital costs for new companies mining or processing coal, and allows those companies to assess a 6% job assessment fee on employees. Employees would have an offsetting credit against state and local occupational taxes.
There exist many direct and indirect subsidies to the coal industry, each of which have fiscal impacts on the general fund or other funds affecting taxpayers, as well as economic impacts in the form of health, welfare and environmental quality. For example, recent sessions have seen new incentives for combustion of Kentucky coal. There also exist numerous indirect subsidies - actions which facilitate the industry at public expense, ranging from state police and highway department non-enforcement of state laws against overweight and speeding coal trucks; to lax regulation of mining performance bond replacement and coal waste impoundments.
The Council believes that a comprehensive review of direct and indirect costs and benefits associated with the production, processing, haulage and utility consumption of coal is justified prior to enacting new incentives.
SB 31 (Roeding) (To House State Govt)
Increases legislative oversight over executive branch expenditures under contracts, personal service contracts and memoranda of understanding.
SB 33 (Roeding) (To House State Government) (-)
Similar to a bill by the same sponsor in the 2001 session, this bill seeks to curtail further the regulatory powers of the Executive Branch, preventing emergency regulations except where the threat to the public or environment is "imminent,"
The bill also modifies language in existing law so as to limit the ability of a state agency to adopt a regulation more stringent than a federal counterpart regulation, unlike existing law that requires only that the manner in which the regulation differs or is more stringent must be disclosed.
The bill is contrary to the public interest in unduly hampering the executive branch from adopting regulations to address emergencies.
SB 34 (Harris) (recommitted to S. A&R) (+, with concerns)
Creates the "Kentucky-Clean" program, with a statewide Board to coordinate and administer a funding program for litter abatement and prevention. Funded by as-yet identified general fund appropriation and voluntary state tax check-off.
The bill improves on an earlier version by recognizing the important role of the local solid waste governing body and solid water coordinator in any local solid waste anti-litter efforts, and building on existing programs.
The bill suffers from a lack of a robust and durable source of funds needed both to pay for the staff person mandated for support within the Natural Resources Cabinet, and to fund the education, publicity and other initiatives identified in the bill and to support the functioning of the KY-CLEAN Board.
SB 40 (Kelly) (recommitted to S. Eco. Dev., Tourism) (-)
Extends from one to two years after a county is decertified as one eligible for incentives based on high unemployment, the ability of a project to gain incentives from the Kentucky Economic Development Finance Authority. Same as SB 20 except that it includes one additional statutory citation beyond SB 20.
SB 61 (Sanders) (to House State Government, posted)
Amends existing law to provide for guaranteed energy savings contracts in which payment is made from verified energy savings as a result of efficiency measures.
SB 72 (Westwood) (Recommitted to S. A&R) (+)
Provides a tax credit for restoration expenses for residential structures in zones identified by the Kentucky Heritage Council as "restoration zones" located in older neighborhoods.
SB 102 (Seum) (S. Calendar)(-)
Bill would direct the Jefferson County Air Pollution District to develop a plan for meeting air quality goals without a vehicle emissions testing program.
The bill is an unwarranted intrusion into the ability of the District and the community to determine for itself the most efficient and effective means of attaining and maintaining air quality improvements. It would require elimination of the VET program and would prevent the Air Pollution Control District from reinstating the program when Jefferson County is redesignated as non-attainmernt under the new ozone standard.
The elimination of the VET program will require even more drastic cuts in emissions from other sources, and may jeopardize federal transportation money.
SB 103 (Roeding) (S. State and Local Govt) (-)
Bill would propose a constitutional amendment allowing the General Assembly to impose limits on recovery in lawsuits of punitive and exemplary damages.
Damages are a crude approximation of justice for persons injured by environmental harm or damage from consumer products that are poorly designed. Where the regulatory laws prove ineffective at protecting individuals from harm, and the court or jury finds that the defendant has violated the law in such a manner as to demonstrate conduct more culpable or outrageous than mere negligence, punitive damages exist to punish the behavior by imposing a monetary judgment sufficient to remove the incentive for illegal behavior. The possibility of such judgments is often the only effective means of curtailing corporate abuse in the environmental and consumer realm is resort to litigation, with the possibility of imposition of damages to punish illegal behavior. The Kentucky Constitution guarantees that no causes of action existing at the time of the adoption of the Constitution will be abridged; an important protection for the public and assurance that the courthouse doors will remain open to those injured and seeking redress. So-called "tort reform" measure such as this that would limit recovery for punitive damages would deprive injured parties and juries of the ability to affect illegal corporate behavior, and should be vigorously opposed.
SB 114 (Denton and McGaha) (S. State and Local Govt) (+)
Proposed constitutional amendment to repeal annual sessions.
SB 116 (Harris) (+) (To H. Tourism, Development & Energy)
Would amend existing law to clarify that Public Service Commission members serve on a full time basis.
SB 120 (Borders) (S. State Govt)(-)
Proposed amendment to state Constitution to repeal 12 sections of the state Constitution relating to control over corporations and allowing instead the General Assembly to regulate corporations by general law. Among those sections eliminated would be constitutional provisions:
requiring that corporations carrying on business in the state have an authorized agent for process and a place of business in the state, which is important to assuring that corporations not domiciled in Kentucky will be accountable in courts;
controlling issuance of stocks and bonds to assure sales at fair value;
protecting against corporations infringing on the rights of individuals and assurance that corporations are subject to the state's "police power" and to condemnation powers;
creating a duty on the part of the General Assembly to enact laws in order to prevent trusts, pools or other "combinations" from price fixing where an article's price is fixed above or below value;
assuring that where a domestic corporation merges with a foreign corporation the resulting merged company does not become foreign but instead remains subject to the jurisdiction of the state;
prohibiting foreign corporations (those incorporated outside of Kentucky) from receiving more favorable conditions than prescribed by law for domestic corporations;
prohibiting a corporation from leasing or selling its franchise to another;
requiring the General Assembly to provide by law for revocation of corporate charters for companies guilty of abuse or misuse of their corporate powers, privileges or franchises, or when corporations become detrimental to the interests and welfare of the Commonwealth;
defining corporations to include joint stock companies and associations.
These state constitutional provisions act to restrain the power of corporations and to impose duties and restraints on the General Assembly's ability to legislate in the area of corporation law. A repeal of these constitutional provisions, all of which have been in effect since the 1891 Kentucky Constitution was adopted, would vest considerably more power in the General Assembly to define when and if corporations domiciled outside the state would be subject to suit for their activities in state; to allow or prevent price fixing; to allow or prevent the sale of below value bonds and stocks; and to allow corporations to infringe on the rights of the state or the individual. Perhaps most troubling, the General Assembly would gain complete discretion in determining when or if a corporate charter would be revoked; and would be authorized to eliminate or weaken controls on dissolution of corporations for abuse or misuse of corporate charter or power.
SB 136 (Roeding)(to House State Govt)(-)
Bill amends Open Records Act to provide new exclusions from disclosure to public of utility systems, airport security plans, radio and telecommunication emergency systems and public hospital terrorism response plans and government security systems.
SB 143 (Roeding)(To House Local Government)
Senate counterpart to House Bill 124, clarifying that a variance from zoning regulations under Chapter 100 includes "length" of structures as well as height, width and location of structures.
SB 144 (Sanders)(S. A&R)
Executive Branch Budget
SB 154 (Miller and Blevins)(S. State &Local Govt.)
Bill making several changes to Legislative Branch Ethics Code, including exempting transportation or lodging offered to legislators from being considered as "anything of value", prohibiting legislators from using public funds for mass mailings within 60 days of elections, and other changes.
SB 158 (R. Jones, Johnny Turner, Jackson & Mongiardo) (S. A&R) (+)
Senate version of HB 556, establishing and defining the Pine Mountain Trail State Park, a 120 mile-long trail at the Kentucky-Virginia border. Bill calls for 1,000 foot corridor, and proposes to regulate activities within that corridor to prevent motorized traffic, minimize vegetative changes, and impose other restrictions on land uses subject to a change of use permitting process.
SB 169 (Roeding and others)(S. Rules)
Modifies frequency of testing of official vehicles from annual to the same frequency as other cars (biannual in northern Kentucky, annually in Jefferson County currently).
SB 175 (Seum and Denton)(Recommitted to S. A&R)
Extends designation of identified "enterprise zones" to July 1, 2004. Floor amendments seek to further extend designation to 2005 or 2006, and to designate Muhlenberg County as an enterprise zone until 2008.
SB 176 (Guthrie and others) (S. Ag. NR)
Amends law to allow a city-owned utility to sell power not only to a utility regulated by the Public Service Commission but also to another city-owned utility.
SB 179 (Harris)(S. Rules with FA)
Amends existing definition of "agricultural land" for purposes of lower property tax valuation, allowing lands used for aquaculture and horticulture (including ornamentals) to be assessed at lower rates, and to lower the minimum size from 10 acres with approval of the Property Valuation Administrator.
SB 193 (Sanders) (S. A&R)(-)
Bill amends various provisions of law addressing petroleum underground storage tank fund. Mandates that Natural Resources Cabinet accept results of University of Kentucky updated study on standards for cleanup of petroleum contamination; requires "final cleanup plan" within 90 days of Act's passage identifying remaining underground tanks to be cleaned; and requires shifting "surplus" funds to the road fund every quarter.
The bill is significantly flawed for these reasons:
* It is inappropriate for the protection of the public and environment to be shifted from the state environmental agency to the University of Kentucky. The state should not be mandated to accept the results of a study by any third-party, but must instead retain authority to modify any recommendations to assure public protection.
As a practical matter, the last time that UK did such a study, the study model and assumptions did not account for protection of other people's property, nor did it account for permeation of benzene through pressurized PVC water lines, resulting in remediation numbers that were underprotective of the public interest.
* The transfer of funds from what is supposed to be a dedicated tax for remediation of underground storage tank contamination is inappropriate. While it has become the norm, rather than the exception, for the legislature to shift money away through the budget bill from a dedicated gasoline tax in order to balance the state budget, the wholesale shifting of these funds by statute to the road fund is not appropriate, and threatens to leave the fund underfunded for its intended purpose.
* The bill requires a level of precision by the Natural Resources Cabinet in estimating both the remediation costs and the number of facilities in need of remediation that is unrealistic due to the lack of information on the total number of former underground gasoline storage tanks sites as-yet unremedied. The result will likely be that the fund will be underfunded due to the draining of monies to the road fund, and that remediation reimbursements will be slowed as a consequence.
* The shifting of funds is inappropriate given the existence of MTBE contamination at these sites that has been unaccounted for in setting remediation standards.
In setting remediation standards, the University of Kentucky study used a matrix of four chemical indicators thought to be of most concern environmentally and for human health protection. Assumptions on the persistence, mobility and health consequences were made based on those compounds.
Unfortunately, that model and the resulting standards for remediation failed to account for the presence of Methyl-Tert-Butyl-Ether, or MTBE, which is a probable human carcinogen whose historic use in gas and increased concentration in fuels as an additive for replacing some benzene in reformulated gasoline, has resulted in detection of the compound in public drinking water wells around the nation. MTBE is more persistent in the environment and more mobile (lasting longer and moving farther) than benzene, resulting in remediation levels that may prove underprotective of human health and the environment.
Industry is pushing the Governor's Office to ignore MTBE as a contaminant of concern until EPA sets specific numbers for "acceptable" concentrations in drinking water. The state Natural Resources & Environmental Protection Cabinet requires monitoring for detection of MTBE currently.
The public, (who has been picking up the tab for this remediation program because big oil dumped these underground storage tanks on the "mom and pop" gas stations and groceries for $1 years ago), has a right to expect that these funds will be spent wisely and for their intended purpose - that all contamination of concern, including MTBE, will be remedied from these sites; and that dedicated underground storage tank funds will not be reprogrammed to support the road fund.
SB 194 (J. Turner and others) (S. Ag. NR)(needs amendments -)
Allows one-year extension to drilling permits for oil and gas.
Current law sunsets drilling permits one year after issuance unless drilling is commenced within that year. While a one-year extension for a complete permit is not inappropriate in and of itself, the bill should be revised to: (a) make the extension prospective, so that expectations of landowners based on existing law and under existing leases is not upset; and (b) assure that an applicant seeking an extension has landowner approval or a lease or deed authorizing right-of-entry.
SB 197 (Leeper) (S. State & Local Govt)
Amends planning and zoning laws addressing manufactured housing.
SB 199 (Neal) (S. Licensing and Occupations)(+)
Counterpart of HB 572.
SB 200 (D. Williams) (S. State and Local Govt) (-)
This bill is intended to trump the Patton v. Sherman decision by summarily voiding any administrative regulations that were identified as deficient by any legislative committee since 1988, and by prohibiting the publication of any administrative regulation that is identical or substantially similar to any such regulation.
A review of the regulations deemed "deficient" by the regulation review subcommittee and other legislative review committees over the past 13 years will reflect numerous environmental regulations that were fully consistent with state law but were struck down as deficient because a handful of legislators determined them to be so. The court decision striking that legislative power to delegate to a committee the power to directly or indirectly void regulations, restored the proper balance of power between the branches of government. This bill, by failing to individually review and ratify the decisions made by those committees in voiding agency regulations, and by instead summarily adopting and giving effect to those past committee actions over a 13 year period, does a great disservice to the public.
SCR 17 (Brett Guthrie) (to House Floor) (+)
Creates Kentucky Watershed Task Force to study the need for watershed management of Kentucky's waters. Report due November 30, 2002. The task force is a response to recent water conflicts with communities in adjoining states, which sparked an interest in a more systematic review of state policy. The study could be a vehicle for raising the legislative and public awareness of the importance of addressing water supply issues on a basinwide basis to complement watershed-based water quality efforts that are ongoing in the state. Amendments to the bill have added new members, including KRC and the Division of Water as participants.
HB 9 (Haydon) (H. Elections, Const. Affairs) (+)
Proposed Amendment to Kentucky Constitution to lower even-year legislative sessions from sixty to forty legislative days.
HB 12 (Lee) (To Senate Transportation)
Allows any vehicle hauling building materials to a home to exceed weight and dimension limits of the road.
HB 15 (Cherry) (Recommitted to H. A&R) (-)
Amends economic development statutes to redefine "manufacturing" to include limestone mining and processing. Currently all mining and mineral processing is exempted from "manufacturing."
HB 28 (L.Clark) (HNREnv) (+ but amendments needed)
This bill is very similar to the Administration's solid waste bill from last session. It includes a requirement for mandatory curbside collection by 2004, or to have an alternative system in place and to clean up all dumps in that county by that date. Counties failing to meet that requirement will lose up to 10% of road funds. Bill also provides mechanisms for assessing and collecting fees for solid waste disposal, and empower solid waste coordinators to enforce litter laws.
The Council supports the goal of mandatory collection but remains concerned that the opt-out provision for counties with effective alternative programs is not reasonable (no county ever cleans up all open dumps, particularly with no additional funds) and contains no funding mechanism to allow counties to capitalize the costs of implementing solid waste collection programs, a cost that the Cabinet had previously identified as being in millions of dollars.
HB 40 (Tapp) (H. Rules with amendments)(+)
Bill attempts to encourage use of biodiesel fuel (fuel made from renewable fats and vegetable oils). Has been modified from earlier version mandating biodiesel content for all diesel fuel sold in the state. Using biodiesel fuels may marginally increasing fuel costs at the pump, but reduce air toxics and criteria air pollutants from diesel engines while creating new markets for Kentucky agricultural products.
HB 43 (Tapp) (To Senate A&R)
Broadens provision allowing dealers to credit fuel taxes for fuels sold for agricultural purposes to include gasoline.
HB 46 (P. Clark, Marcotte) (H. Transp)
Exempts motor vehicles from state or local vehicle emissions testing programs for the first four model years of the vehicle.
HB 48 (Riggs) (To Senate Judiciary)
Would amend existing law to eliminate County Debt Commission and would modify appeal procedures for county bonds under KRS Chapter 300.
Working with the Department for Local Government, KRC obtained revisions to the proposed bill that assure a fair hearing before bond issues affecting county finances are approved, and which remove archaic language that posed an impediment to appeals of bond issuance decisions.
HB 61 (Denham) (H. A&R)(posted)
Would exempt straw, wood shavings, and sawdust used in agricultural pursuits from sales and use taxes.
HB 63 (Damron and Belcher) (H. Transp.)(+)
Clarifies that the state, for state and federal highways, and county government, for county roads, may set lower speed and weight limits for roads and ban or limit trucks on certain days or hours where needed for public safety and convenience. Also provides that county government may, with state Transportation Cabinet concurrence, lower speed limit or weight limit on a state highway of 44,000 lbs. or less to a lower speed and as low as 36,000 pounds weight limit.
HB 64 (Damron) (H. Elections & Const.)
Proposes adoption of the Wildlife Violator Compact by which participating states agree to promote compliance with wildlife resources laws by adopting citation and license suspension procedures complementing other states and providing for reciprocal enforcement. The Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources (KDFWR) has indicated that it has concerns with the bill as written.
HB 75 (L. Belcher) (H.Tourism, Dev. & Energy)(-)
Exempts sewage services provided by a fiscal court from regulation by the Public Service Commission as a utility.
HB 88 (Burch) (To Senate Veterans & Mil.Affairs)
Provides additional specific authority to the Division of Emergency Management in conjunction with Department of Public Heath to assess statewide risks and preparedness to address biological and chemical agent terrorism; requires report to legislative committees.
HB 108 (Lee) (S. Health & Welfare)
Amends KRS Chapter 211 to outline the core mission of the Department for Public Health and to provide enabling authority.
HB 118 (Marcotte) (H. NREnv) (+, with revisions)
Requires that non-coal mining operations obtain a certification from the county that the use of county roads by trucks will not degrade the roads. If the county does not issue a certification, the mining interest can apply to the state Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet for approval by submitting a transportation impact plan demonstrating that the increased traffic will not pose a safety threat or degrade the ambient air on the roads from fugitive dust or spillage. The Cabinet shall approve or disapprove the plan and mining permit based on impacts on driver visibility, traffic congestion and driver and passenger safety and roadway integrity.
The bill makes express what the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet implicitly has currently - authority to deny non-coal mining permits for sand, gravel, limestone and other extraction operations, where the use of county roads for haulage and access is incompatible with the surrounding area and uses along roads typically not designed to safely accommodate such heavy industrial traffic.
HB 121 (Tom McKee) (H. A&R)
Provides a tax credit for meat processors for processing on behalf of charitable organizations. The KDFWR has indicated that it supports the bill.
HB 124 (Draud) (Senate State & Local Govt)
Clarifies that a variance from zoning regulations under Chapter 100 includes "length" of structures as well as height, width and location of structures.
HB 125 (Stein and Marzian) (H. Judiciary)(+)
Amends various laws to include, among civil rights protected under state law, protection from discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
HB 137 (Gooch) (-)(H. Elections & Const.)
Proposes an amendment to the Kentucky constitution to exempt unmined minerals, including oil, gas and coal, from property taxation.
HB 151 (Brandon Smith) (H. A&R)
Would exempt from state sales and use taxes 50% of the gross receipts of sales of manufactured or mobile homes.
HB 166 (Comer) (H. Rules with Committee Sub)
Requires Cabinet for Economic Development to prioritize efforts towards counties with 15% or higher unemployment.
HB 174 (Stumbo) (To Senate Ag NR)(+)
Imposes an environmental impact fee of ? of 1 cent on disposable cups and fast food packaging, and a $1 per ton tipping fee on municipal solid waste disposed at landfills, to fund the Kentucky Pride Fund."
The House Committee Substitute restructured the amounts and recipients of the monies generated by these fees, to reflect the Patton Administration's concerns. Under the modified bill, $9 million will go to the Cabinet to close former solid waste landfills; $9 million will be distributed per capita to counties that are free of open dumps, or which have and enforce mandatory collection, or which have effective universal collection programs. $10.5 million goes for anti-litter programs, with 1/3 to counties based on lane-miles for litter collection; 1/3 based on rural population and 1/3 on total population. Additionally, 1.5 million is allocated to the environmental education master plan. Surplus monies will go in part to Kentucky Parks and Fish & Wildlife Resources.
Additionally, authority to collect delinquent waste fees with property taxes is provided.
The bill is supported by city and county organizations, KDFWR and the Tourism Cabinet, and Governor Patton.
HB 176 (Meeks)(H. State Govt.) (+)
Establishes a Native American Heritage Commission to promote awareness of Native American influences in Kentucky, in conjunction with the Education Arts and Humanities Cabinet.
HB 185 (Cherry) (H. A&R)
Exempts beekeeping equipment and supplies from sales and use taxes.
HB 186 (Cherry) (H. Transp)
Makes revisions to speed limits on interstate, state and county roads, establishing default limits subject to being lowered where the Department of Highways determines necessary. For Interstates and 4-lane controlled access divided state roads the limits are set at 65 mph; limits also set for state and county roads.
HB 192 (G. Graham) (To Senate State & Local Govt)(+)
For any state-sponsored capital projects of over 6$ million dollars, this bill would require public notice and a public hearing on the scope and potential location of the project, written consideration of all comments received, and a report to the legislative oversight committee concerning the hearing, comments and responses.
HB 214 (Riggs) (H. State Govt)
Companion bill to SB 61, amending existing law to provide for guaranteed energy savings contracts in which payment is made from verified energy savings as a result of efficiency measures.
HB 225 (Wayne) (H. State Govt) (+)
Amends executive branch code of ethics to broaden applicability to include more Boards and Commissions and persons holding management positions by personal service contract, and to limit ability of members of such commissions to do business with those agencies, and to increase disclosure of interests.
HB 227(Wayne) (H. State Govt) (+)
Amends executive branch code of ethics to broaden applicability to include more Boards and Commissions and persons holding management positions by personal service contract, and to make other strengthening amendments.
HB 243 (Gooch and others) (Recommitted to H. A&R) (-)
Amends current law assessing unmined minerals as a distinct interest in property for property tax purposes, by eliminating the assessment if the land is classified as agricultural or horticultural and the minerals and surface are owned by the same taxpayer. Appears broad enough to allow a mineral holding or mining company to avoid mineral taxation on lands held for future mineral production for all years up to the date of mining or mineral production provided that the lands are used for agricultural, timber or horticultural purposes in the meantime.
HB 244 (Wilkey) (To Senate A&R) (+)
Removes the sunset clause on the state hazardous waste assessment fund. A House floor amendment extends the life of the fund for 2 years unless reauthorized.
HB 248 (Branham and K. Hall) (H. Tourism, Eco. Dev. & Energy)
Requires the Public Service Commission to prohibit utilities, and Department of Insurance to prohibit insurers from issuing bills where due date is on a national holiday.
HB 250 (Geveden and Crenshaw) (To Senate AgNR)
Confirms Executive Order 2001-1215 establishing Office of Financial Management in Natural Resources Cabinet.
HB 256 (John Adams and others) (H. Judiciary)
Cedes to the US TVA special agents and law enforcement officers concurrent criminal jurisdiction over all lands owned by TVA.
HB 257 (Riner and Richards) (H. Trans)
Requires fingerprinting and background check on applicants for hazardous material endorsements on commercial driver's licenses.
HB 275 (Gooch) (H A&R) (-)
This bill proposes to alter the Cabinet's adopted allocation of 95% of the allowable NOx credits to existing sources, with 5% to new sources, by mandating that 8% of the credits needed for electricity generating units be allocated to the new merchant plants in 2004, with 5% to new units after that date and 10% going to order to an "efficient energy reserve pool" that can be accessed by units burning at least 25% coal, garbage, waste tires, or any combination, and using clean coal or other "state of the art" technologies.
The NOx credits are allowances that will be allocated by the Cabinet to electrical generating units emitting NOx, and which those facilities must hold in order to lawfully emit NOx after the control period begins. Recognizing that the ratepayers have paid already for these credits, and that all but one generating unit in the state will be installing NOX controls at ratepayer expense, the Cabinet allocated the bulk of the credits to existing units. For each credit not allocated to a regulated utility generating unit, that utility will have to purchase the credit in the marketplace, paying market price, because the utility has an obligation to serve the customer. The result is that the ratepayers will bear higher costs.
The allocation of NOx credits to new sources facilitates the operation of those sources in the state. Unfortunately, those "cleaner" sources of electricity are not offsetting the existing plants, but are in addition to those plants, since they are merchant plants whose output is not intended not needed by Kentucky ratepayers.
The Council supports meaningful and continuous reductions in utility emissions, and does not support subsidization of the merchant plant industry by allocating NOx credits from regulated utilities to the merchant plants. After the fourth year, those plants will become part of the "existing" unit base and will share in the allocation, causing additional reductions from all participating units. For the first three years, those merchant units and their customers should bear the cost of acquiring NOx allowances in the marketplace.
HB 286 (P. Clark) (to Senate Rules)
Mandates establishment of a real property and facilities management database of all state facilities and property.
HB 294 (Geveden and others) (H. Floor, posted)
Would exempt from sales and use tax the gross receipts from the sale of uranium purchased for storage, use or consumption outside of the state.
Any taxation exemption reflects a decision to create an incentive for the sale of a product by lowering the sale price. In a state where the general fund is supported by income and sales taxes, it is a legitimate question as to whether such an exemption is needed or will affect the market for and marketability of the product, and whether the corresponding benefit to the public offsets the exemption. As with any of the numerous bills introduced this session seeking sales tax exemptions for one or another industry or commercial venture, it is appropriate to demand rigorous scrutiny of the public costs and benefits, including environmental costs and benefits, associated with the proposed exemption.
HB 311(Upchurch and others) (H. State Govt)
Requires agencies to immediately provide a copy of all contracts and agreements involving public funds to any member of the legislature without the necessity of an open records request.
HB 314 (Hoffman and others) (Senate)
Establishes a process for cities and counties to negotiate a tax base coordination agreement to resolve conflicts concerning allocation of revenues from occupational license and insurance premium taxes.
HB 317 (Kerr) (H. Local Govt) (posted)(-)
Exempts farm trucks used on public highways from Vehicle Emissions Testing programs. There is no rational air quality-related basis for differentiating trucks under 18,000 pounds used for agriculture from other commercial enterprises. This bill continues a trend of carving special exemptions for classes of vehicles in a manner entirely unrelated to emissions potential.
HB 319 (A. Arnold and others) (H. Ag.Sm.Bus) (posted) (+, needs clarification)
Requires state agencies to purchase Kentucky-grown fresh produce, fresh seafood, eggs, fish and meat products if available.
While a positive step, the bill should be amended to include local agencies and contractors using state funds as well as state agencies, and to define when perishables are "available."
HB 323 (Stumbo) (H. Elections, Const Amend) (+)
Would amend Kentucky Constitution to provide for a referendum on whether to require a statewide container deposit program.
HB 345 (Nunn) (H. Local Govt)
Broadens those agencies that can enter into interlocal agreements; enables the management of interlocal agreements by joint boards, and authorizes the issuance of bonds and incurring of obligations by such joint boards.
HB 352 (Crenshaw) (H. State Govt) (+)
Would give hazardous duty recognition in the retirement program to solid waste workers in urban-county governments (Lexington).
HB 354 (Wayne and 25 others) (H. A&R) (+)
House Bill 354 would create a state "Earned Income Tax Credit" similar to the federal EITC. Kentucky low wage-earning families with incomes up to a cap of $30,000 could claim a credit or refund up to $600 (depending on family size and income). HB 354 has been assigned to the House Appropriations and Revenue Committee but has not been posted for consideration. Kentuckians for the Commonwealth, Kentucky Youth Advocates and others working on this bill ask your to contact the members of the House A& R Committee, and Chair Harry Moberly, to ask that HB 354 have a hearing and their support.
HB 355 (Wayne) (H. Elections & Const. Amends) (+)
Proposal to reform election finance by establishing limits on acceptance of contributions and providing matching funds for participating candidates.
This "Clean Money" bill would allow candidates for the state legislature to qualify for a set amount of public funds if they agree to limit their spending and limit private contributions to 100 contributions of $10. State House candidates would get about $20,000 for a race, while state Senate candidates would get $52,000. If their opponents spend more, the candidates would also get more public funding. Pioneered in Maine and passed by referendum in 1996, Clean Money Campaign Reform is also the law in Vermont, Massachusetts and Arizona! When Maine ran its first election with the Clean Money option last year, 121 challengers and incumbents opted to run as Clean Money candidates. Now one-half of Maine's Senate (17 out of 35) and one-third of the House (45 out of 151) won as Clean Money candidates. They owe no one but the voters who elected them. With the Clean Money option, Maine saw a 40 percent increase in contested primaries in 2000, compared with 1998. HB 357 (J.Adams) (to Senate)
Bill concerns ethics codes for jointly-created agencies of city or county government. Bill authorizes cities and counties to enter into memoranda of agreement or interlocal agreements for joint adoption of ethics codes.
Unclear from text whether intention is that ethics codes will apply to all jointly-created agencies (line 5, p.1) or whether it is intended that the extension of ethics codes to joint agencies is discretionary (lines 9-10, p.1.) Clarification will be sought from the sponsor. The Council favors mandatory extension of the requirement for adoption of ethics codes to all joint agencies of city and county governments.
Another concern is the proposed exemption of nonpaid members of joint agencies from disclosure of financial details. (p.2 lines 18-19). Sufficient disclosure of financial interests is necessary in all appointed members of local government agencies to assure that conflicts of interest are disclosed and appearances of impropriety avoided.
HB 367 (Gooch and others) (H. Floor with Committee Sub) (posted)
Bill originally proposed to exempt any documents relating to an agricultural operation submitted to a local conservation district office or Division of Water, unless the agricultural operator is deemed a "bad actor" under the Agricultural Water Quality Act. As initially proposed this bill would have created a wholesale exemption from disclosure for information relating to the compliance of an agricultural operation with air, water and waste laws, interfering with the public's right-to-know regarding compliance with the Kentucky Agricultural Water Quality law and plans.
After opposition testimony by KRC, the bill was amended to narrow the scope, assuring that any agency-generated documents relating to compliance would not be confidential. As amended it is clear that the bill only applies to documents submitted by the agricultural operation, and does not apply to applications for cost-share financial assistance. KRC still believes the bill to be unnecessary and contrary to the public interest but is not actively opposing the bill after the amendments.
HB 370 (Nunn) (H. State Govt)
An omnibus Model State Emergency Health Powers Act, this bill requires development of a comprehensive plan for addressing public health emergencies, empowers state and local agencies to address public health emergencies (whether by bioterrorism, natural disaster or disease epidemic) and authorizes establishment of a Public Health Emergency Planning Commission
HB 392 (Fischer and S. Lee) (H. Judiciary) (-)
Bill would prohibit local governments from legislating in the area of civil rights, including a prohibition on enactments applying to the public or to the governmental unit alone. Measure is intended to undercut local laws affecting discrimination based on gender, but has a broader sweep. The measure is an unwarranted intrusion into the legislative powers of local governments to regulate in order to promote public health and welfare.
HB 400 (Wilkey and Thomas) (To Senate)
Original bill exempted annual sales of less than 500 gallons of honey from permitting by the state and from the requirement of processing the honey in a certified honey house. Amended in committee to reduce amount to 150 gallons.
HB 405 (Johnnie Turner and others) (passed H.NR.Env, recommitted H. A&R) (-)
Bill creates a new exemption from surface coal mining laws - one that would exempt individuals, nonprofit corporations and partnerships extracting up to 5,000 tons of coal from obtaining a mining permit or mining license if the coal is donated to a charitable organization or sold and the proceeds, "after expenses" are donated.
Bill also expands current exemption of 250 tons of coal as an incidental part of construction where the coal is donated, to 5,000 tons.
In a state where elements in the coal industry have abused every exemption provided under state or federal law, including coal exploration laws, "on site construction exemptions," "two-acre permit exemptions" and "incidental coal removal" exemptions, the bill invites new abuse by allowing substantial coal removal and sale, provided that proceeds are donated "after expenses." Any commercial sale violates the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, regardless of how the proceeds are distributed. Further, the necessity of controlling the environmental consequences of mining is unrelated to the disposition of the coal.
HB 408 (Gooch) (H. NREnv. with committee sub) (Posted)
Directs allocation of Nitrogen Oxide allowances to industrial sources for early reductions, with the remaining allowances sold to industrial sources.
HB 417 (Damron, and others) (H. Rules)
Amends existing law governing permitting of mobile home and manufactured communities (parks).
HB 418 (Crenshaw) (H. Tourism, Development & Energy) (posted)
Allows Public Service Commission to maintain records of contested proceedings in videotape or other format other than stenographic transcript. Any party to a proceeding may request that the hearing be transcribed at that party's expense.
HB 420 (Belcher and Butler) (H. Ag and Sm. Bus) (posted)
Removes caps on Department of Agriculture expenditures from pesticide registration program for education and farm chemical disposal programs.
The current allocation of fees caps expenditures on these programs at $100,000 and $200,000 respectively, with 550,000 going to cost-share conservation measures and the remaining funds going to pesticide program enforcement.
It is of concern that the caps are removed on expenditures for the education and container disposal programs with no indication of how much more of the pesticide fee money will be used in either program and the effect that the increase in those programs might have on decreasing the availability of money for the cost-share program or pesticide program enforcement.
HB 422 (Pasley and others) (Senate A&R)(+)
Reauthorizes the waste tire fund until July 31, 2006, and authorizes a waste tire amnesty program.
HB 425 (Crenshaw)(H. Tourism, Energy)
Prohibits utility terminations to residences during winter months unless utility first goes through certain steps, including offering deferred payment plan and advising customer of community resources and until payment agreement has been breached.
HB 437 (Simpson)(H. Local Govt)(posted)
Would place northern Kentucky's Sanitation Districts (sewage agency) under PSC jurisdiction over service and rates.
HB 441 (Gooch)(HnrEnv)(Posted)(-)
Act requiring state Fish and Wildlife to develop a bounty program to pay $35 for each beaver killed by landowner within a soil conservation or watershed conservancy district. The Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources (KDFWR) opposes this bill.
HB 460 (Bratcher)(H. Judiciary) (+ in concept but needs substantial work)(posted)
Bill defines an "acoustic nuisance area" near the Louisville airport runways and provides a right to claim $2,000 per year or $20,000 lump sum award from the state and airport board to compensate for nuisance impacts for the nighttime use of the runways.
HB 465 (Wayne) (H. Local Govt) (posted)(+)
"Smart Growth" bill requiring designation of future growth areas for planning and zoning and linking extension of utility service to such areas; provisions encouraging regional planning.
HB 496 (Gooch) (H. NREnv)(--) (posted)
Vying with no other bill for the most dangerous and least responsible bill filed this session, this bill, which has been posted for consideration and could be heard this week, would mandate that the state Natural Resources Cabinet, on finding a violation of air, water or water laws, issue a preliminary written notice to violators of state air, waste and water laws and give a mandatory 45 day period in which to correct the violation before issuance of a notice of violation.
This amounts to an illegal and improper "free bite" for violators of state environmental laws, allowing unchecked pollution without penalty, and interferes with proper enforcement of standards designed to protect public health and the environment. The measure also interferes with proper administration of programs delegated to the state from federal agencies.
HB 507 (Moberly)(H A&R)
Executive Branch Budget
HB 517 (McKee and Gray)(H A&R)
This bill exempts from sales taxes expenditures in furtherance of deer farming.
HB 518 (Bratcher)(H. Elections)
Proposed constitutional amendment to create the right of initiative and referendum.
HB 521 (Damron) (H. Local Govt) (posted)(+)
Bill requires owners of any burial ground, defined as a place in which person(s) are interred, to protect the burial ground from desecration or damage.
HB 527 (Comer and Turner)(H. A&R)
Creates a tax credit for Kentucky wood energy producers producing and selling processed wood products.
HB 536 (Rader & Colter)(H. NREnv)
Extends the waste tire fund until 2006. Differs from HB 422, which has already passed the House, in not providing a waste tire amnesty program.
HB 542 (Yonts)(H. Rules)
Tax credits offered against income tax for investment in equipment or training related to value-added hardwood products industry.
HB 543 (R. Adams) (H. Local Govt. posted)(+)
Bill broadens powers of local governments without zoning and planning the authority to adopt ordinances to control placement of cellular equipment and towers. Bill also removes confidentiality from information submitted by cell companies.
HB 549 (Denham and Wilkey) (To Senate)
Bill makes repurchase of land by Industrial Development Authorities discretionary. Originally, bill received negative notation by KRC because it gave Industrial Development Authorities the power to dispose of surplus property remaining after development of an industrial park, and allows exchange of that property for other property suitable for development. KRC was concerned that the new language undercut existing law giving a landowner whose land has been taken by condemnation prior right of repurchase.
Representative Mike Denham graciously agreed to remove the language that concerned the Council, and with that change, we have removed the negative rating of the bill. KRC extends our thanks to Representative Denham.
HB 556 (Hall, Branham, R. Nelson and Johnnie Turner) (H. Tourism, Dev.)(+)
Establishes and defines the Pine Mountain Trail State Park, a 120 mile-long trail at the Kentucky-Virginia border. Bill calls for 1,000-foot corridor, and proposes to regulate activities within that corridor to prevent motorized traffic, minimize vegetative changes, and impose other restrictions on land uses subject to a change of use permitting process.
HB 572 (Meeks and others)(H. Rules)(+)
Bill creates an historic cemetery preservation program for providing financial and technical assistance in restoring, maintaining and preserving non-profit historic cemeteries (those with burials over 100 years ago). Creates a board to oversee grants and assistance; also clarifies and defines rights of ingress and egress of descendants and family members to cemeteries and graves located on private lands in the state.
HB 575 (Brinkman) (H. NREnv, posted)
Bill amends exiting law regarding labeling of plastic bottles and containers sold in the state to require that where there is a container component (base cap, lid, label) of a different material than the rest of the bottle or container, that the code for each be printed on the container.
HB 577 (Barrows) (H. A&R) (posted) (+)
Bill requires Transportation Cabinet to implement a "life-cycle cost" assessment of all highway projects of over 15,000 sq. yards that would assess total costs of pavement designs for projects as the primary "driver" for selection of material type for pavement projects. Also requires development of a pavement management system to better manage replacement and repair schedules.
HB 598 (Riggs and others) (H. Local Govt)(posted) (+)
Amends existing cellular tower approval procedures to eliminate Public Service Commission authority to override decisions of local planning agencies regarding cell tower siting, and to clarify that where there is no zoning and planning, the Public Service Commission will continue to review and approve and to consider in that decision the compatibility of the proposed siting with the community values and land uses.
HB 600 (Barrows) (H. A&R)(+ with amendments needed)
Governor's Smart Growth Initiatives. Includes directive to state agencies to assist efforts to rehab and reuse existing infrastructure and sites; creates a state planning committee to advise the Governor, to review state agency siting or permitting of infrastructure projects, to review all state capital projects; to encourage planning and coning, provide assistance to local governments regarding planning.
Bill requires planning committee review of all capital projects with an appropriated budget of over 2$ million, and makes those projects subject to local land use planning but allows state planning committee to override that decision
and precludes further review of the committee decision.
Bill also creates a review process for state planning committee review of the proposed conversion of 50 acres or more of farmland "of statewide agricultural importance" to nonfarm use, for all proposed state projects.
Bill also creates tax credits and incentives for neighborhood and historic home redevelopment.
Analysis: The bill is well-intended but has language problems that need clarification. For example, it is unclear whether the phrase "capital project" in Section 5 is intended to subject state public projects to local planning review and approval, which would be a new power given to local planning agencies, or whether it is intended to apply as well to private capital projects, in which case the bill would be eroding local government authority. Also, the standard for overriding local land use decisions (an overriding state interest) is too vague, and the language precluding further review is inconsistent with the state constitution Article 2, which subjects any agency decision is subject to judicial review.
The farmland conversion provisions need strengthening. The Governor, by an executive order hastily executed and of dubious legality, eliminated the existing farmland conversion review statutes, and this section of HB 600 proposes to replace that agricultural land conversion review process. The threshold for which projects are subject to review should be lowered to include all capital projects funded with state monies in whole or in part; the threshold acreage for review of conversion of agricultural land should be lowered from 50 acres to 10, since that is the threshold for recognition of a viable agricultural use under Kentucky tax laws, and the standard for approving conversion of agricultural lands to non-agricultural use of "balancing interests" is insufficient.
It is said that the last crop planted on agricultural land is asphalt, and the one commodity not being manufactured is more land. The conversion of any viable agricultural tracts, not merely those of "statewide importance" should be reviewed, and an alternatives assessment should be included with a presumption against conversion unless viable alternatives that meet the essential project purpose do not exist.
HB 602 (Wilkey and Denham)(H. Eco. Dev.)(posted)
Bill amends a number of economic development statutes including those relating to tax increment financing and tax incentives/inducements.
HB 606 (Callahan and others)(H. A&R)
Act creates tax credits for historic property rehabilitation and construction, against monies spent for rehabilitation of historic structures.
HB 612 (Adkins, Hall) (H. A&R) (posting waived)
Bill would impose a tax on the manufacturing of synthetic fuel from coal of 50 cents per ton of fuel manufactured or produced, and would require registration of those engaged in making synthetic fuels from coal. $250,000 would go to the county hosting the synthetic fuel plant, and the remainder to eligible coal counties for economic development.
HB 618 (P. Clark and others) (H. Local Govt) (-)
Bill requires that Jefferson County direct the Air Pollution Control District to develop a maintenance plan for ozone that does not require a Vehicle Emissions Testing (VET) program, and to apply by October 31, 2003 to EPA for elimination of the VET program.
The bill contains a second provision for counties with air pollution programs that are not in attainment with air quality standards, convening a panel to study alternative methods of attaining compliance without VET programs. Since there is no current county with an air pollution program other than Jefferson County, and it has been found in compliance, this part of the bill would not be implemented currently.
The bill is an intrusion into Jefferson County's ability to construct a maintenance plan for air quality that it believes appropriate, and would have the effect of shifting greater air quality reduction costs onto industrial sources. The bill would interfere with the county's ability to maintain air quality improvements by allowing air pollution from mobile sources to go unmonitored and unchecked.
HB 619 (Horlander and others) (H. State Govt) (+)
An important bill for Jefferson County residents, this bill would require the advice and consent of the new metro "local government council" for appointments to boards and commissions; a power which otherwise would be the mayors' alone with no legislative involvement. Also, the bill cautions that such appointments should reflect the diversity of the citizens of the community.
HB 635 (Yonts)(H. A&R)(-)
Bill would exempt from sales and use taxes all equipment, machinery, structures and property associated with construction, rebuilding, maintenance, modification and expansion of coal-fired electric generating facilities for any county with 15% unemployment in any month and 10% or more unemployment for three consecutive months in the year 2001.
HB 640 (Branham)(H. State Govt)
Provides that no public property may be leased, sold or disposed for less than fair market value, and strengthens legislative oversight over disposition of real property of the state.
HB 643 (Geveden) (H. State Govt, posted)
Confirms executive orders establishing the Kentucky State Energy Policy Advisory Board. Is in need of clarification that the "consumer" representative is one representing low-income consumers, or expansion of the Board by an additional spot to represent the distinct interests of low and fixed-income energy consumers. The appointee to the Board representing consumers was a chamber of commerce representative who participated very little in the process.
HB 646 (B. Smith and others) (H. A&R)
Cerates a new fund for water and sewer infrastructure, funded by excess coal severance and processing taxes, and available to coal producing counties for extension and installation of water and sewer lines and upgrades of sewage treatment facilities.
HB 654 (Denham and others) (H. Ag & Sm. Business)
Bill creates an "Office of Agritourism" to promote "agritourism," which is the act of visiting working farms for purpose of "enjoyment, education, and active involvement in the activities of the farm." Bill calls for development of a master plan to promote agritourism, and regional agritourism development plans.
Perhaps the Sierra Club could secure official state status for their now famous "tour de stench" tour of industrial agricultural chicken and hog operations in western Kentucky.
HB 676 (Meeks) (H. Licensing & Occup.)
Bill sets standards and permitting process for removal and possession of archaeological objects from sites and clarifies rights to human remains and burial objects.
HR 10 (Vincent) (Senate AgNR)
Creation of a Kentucky Farming Museum Task Force
HR 11 (Haydon and R. Nelson)(H.Floor)
Resolution making May 1 a day to honor Kentucky coal miners.
HCR 12 (Haydon and R. Nelson)(S. Eco. Dev., Tourism)
Resolution in support of request to Postmaster General to consider commemorative stamp for America's coal miners.
HCR 13 (R. Nelson) (+) (To Senate A&R)
Resolution to study cumulative effect of state and federal tax policies on Kentucky's forest productivity.
HCR 18 (Meeks) (H. State Govt) (posted)(+)
Resolution creating Task Force on Native American Indian Tribes in the Commonwealth, to study implications of state recognition of tribes.
HJR 20 (Richards) (S. Ag. NR)
Joint resolution reauthorizing the aquaculture task force.
HJR 24 (Moberly)(S. AgNR)(+)
Creates a subcommittee on ethanol production within the Interim Joint Committee on Agriculture and Natural Resources to study ethanol production as a fuel. A floor amendment seeks to add biodiesel.
HR 28 (Riner)(H. State Govt)
Amends 2002 House Rules of Procedure to require that all committee meetings of the House be open to the public, including all party caucuses, free conference committees, Rules, Committee on Committee and other committees.
HR 31 (Webb and others)(H. Rules)
Resolution urging coal mining industry to implement aggressive recruiting strategies to employ Kentucky miners before recruiting overseas workers.
HR 32 (Riner and Richards)(H. Seniors Committee)
Resolution urging the U.S. Army to proceed with the destruction of the chemical weapons at the Bluegrass Army Depot without undue delay.
HCR 113(B. Smith)
Directs Interim Ag. and Natural Resources Committee to study the risks and benefits of using biodiesel fuel.
DO YOU WANT OFF THE LIST? HERE'S HOW
This list profiles the significant environmental, conservation or consumer bills that are being tracked by the Council during the 2002 session, as well as some general government bills of interest. This is the first of many updates. It will be updated at least weekly, and will be supplemented with more detailed analysis on key bills. Action alerts will be issued as warranted.
If you do not wish to receive this list, please send an e-mail message to fitzKRC@aol.com and you will be removed immediately from the distribution list. Feel free to forward this to anyone you feel might be interested, and to utilize, reprint or quote from the bill analyses. We ask only that you attribute KRC as the source when you use our analytical material.
WANT TO READ THE BILLS OR CONTACT LEGISLATORS?
For a copy of any bill, or to check the status of the bill, which committee it has been assigned to for hearing, and other legislative information, visit the Legislature's Homepage at http://www.lrc.state.ky.us
The toll phone number to reach a legislator in person is 502-564-8100. The toll-free bill status line is 1-888-829-0021. The toll-free meeting information line is 1-800-633-9650.
The toll-free message line is 1-800-372-7181, to leave a message for a legislator or a committee.
THE BEST WAY TO REACH LEGISLATORS
Did you know that for a single fax to 502-564-6543, you can reach any legislators that you want to contact? You can send a letter, for example, to all Senators and Representatives by listing their individual names on a cover sheet and asking that each get a copy of your letter. The good folks at the LRC fax room will copy your fax and distribute it to all that you list (the recipients must be listed by name.) The LRC webpage has a list of all legislators and all committee members.